3 Types of Accounting in Small Business


different types of accounting

Instead, the branch of managerial accounting uses the same financial data as financial accounting, but translates that data into relevant information for making decisions about the business. The managerial accountant uses different accounting rules and procedures that translate better for business operation purposes. For example, a managerial accountant will generate monthly or quarterly reports that help the management team determine what areas of operations are profitable and which areas may be generating losses. Individuals interested in becoming a forensic accountant would benefit from taking auditing, cost accounting, risk management, forensic accounting, managerial accounting, and taxation. Most forensic accountants go on to become CPAs or to obtain their certified fraud examiner credentials. According to PayScale.com, the average salary of a forensic accountant is $66,311.

How many fields of accounting are there?

There are twelve fields of accounting. These include managerial, financial, tax accounting, government accounting, non-profit accounting, auditing, forensic, political campaign, international, fiduciary, cost accounting, and accounting information systems.

All models present benefits, and students should carefully weigh each option before making a decision. Community colleges and small liberal arts colleges often provide fewer majors than large universities. At some institutions, enrollees simply choose to major in accounting, or perhaps major in business and minor in accounting. In many schools, students studying for a master’s degree enjoy more concentration options than bachelor’s or doctoral learners. That https://www.bookstime.com/ said, a certificate can make a smooth transition for midlife career switchers or people who want to try the accounting field before investing in a long and pricey degree program. Many applicants to a certificate program in accounting already hold a bachelor’s degree in a non-business field, and a certificate offers a quicker, less expensive option than a master’s degree. Students often aim to qualify for careers as bookkeepers or account administrators.

Associate Degree in Accounting Graduates

This is the type of accounting that is related to the matters of taxation. It is governed by the jurisdiction of tax laws and prescribed rules and regulations. The taxation rules are varying from the GAAP rules to support the differences. Tax accountants are generally prepared the financial statements according to prescribed accounting regulations concerning taxation laws. The information from this accounting is beneficial for the tax professionals to analyze the tax planning and estimate the tax liability of the entities with tax implications added thereon.

What are the 5 major types of accounting?

  • Assets.
  • Liabilities.
  • Expenses.
  • Income (Revenue)
  • Equity.

She is also familiar with a wide variety of accounting software, as well as best practices for maintaining accurate financial records manually, such as through the use of spreadsheets or paper and pencil. While having a strong handle on your business’s finances is important, the methods you use to track your expenses and income may differ from how other small businesses conduct their accounting.


Choosing an accredited college can help accounting students access financial aid, ensure their degree’s credibility, and qualify to take certification exams. In the U.S., accreditation refers to a voluntary process by which schools demonstrate their financial, organizational, and academic strength and integrity. National accreditation applies primarily to specialized or vocational schools.

These four largest accounting firms conduct audit, consulting, tax advisory, and other services. These firms, along with many other smaller firms, comprise the public accounting realm that generally advises financial and tax accounting. Project accountants work closely with project managers, accounting teams, and even external suppliers. They are often hired by engineering firms and construction companies, but can find jobs in all sectors including private, government, non-profit, and education. Forensic accountants are often employed by insurance companies, banks, government agencies, or even public accounting firms. Tax accounting is important because tax laws are complex and often change.

Careers in Accounting

All MBA programs, though, require a bachelor’s degree for admission, and many require a business background or degree. After different types of accounting graduation, MBA alumni can compete for jobs as public accountants, auditors, cost accountants, or budget analysts.

different types of accounting

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What Effects Do Double-Entry Accounting Systems Have on Financial Statements?

All financial statements, such as a balance sheet and an income statement, must be prepared in a certain way. This tends to be according to the generally accepted accounting principles. In addition, all types of accounting should strive to adhere to industry standards and best practices.

different types of accounting

This accounting helps in enabling effective control and the fulfilment of the strategies made for the development of the company. Generally, this accounting includes forecasting and budgeting of the projects for better results and profit maximization in the company with the effective utilization of resources available in the company. This accounting is mostly used by the corporates to deal with its management while implementing new budgets and future policies. Tax AccountingTax accounting is the framework that considers the tax returns instead of public financial statements disclosure while recording and presenting the business transactions in the books of accounts. It complies with the rules and policies of the company’s Internal Revenue Code.


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